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Google Scholar

About Google Scholar

Google Scholar

Web Search for Scholarly Literataure



Google Scholar

Click down arrow on search bar to access ADVANCED Search.

What is it?

  • Google Scholar is a SEARCH ENGINE, not a bibliographic index. 
  • Google Scholar discovers "scholarly" items by crawling over Institutional Repositories, scholarly publisher's websites, Google Books, and other unnamed sites.
  • Google Scholar is best used  for quick reference or discovering keywords.  Useful for complementing your power search in formal library discovery tools.
  • Google Scholar is weakest for planned or comprehensive scholarly searching, e.g. CRR learning achievement


  • It is free !
  • Connects to some free content, e.g. GS crawls open access institutional repositories** which hold OPEN ACCESS articles for download
  • Use the MANAGE the Resources You Find Tab at the left for information on how Google Scholar can be set up within your browser to :
    • Export Citations to Refworks
    • Connect to the licensed full Text Resources of Antioch University
  • Currency:  This is the discovery tool for the most current publications.   As soon as an item is added to a publisher's website, it appears in GS.   A Bibliographic Index, e.g. may take several months to include the citation.
  • Free text searching / Natural Language
  • Google Scholar has an Alert Feature


  • No controlled vocabulary [subject headings/descriptors] or cataloguing
  • Cluttered with marginal materials. What journals, document types, etc. are included or excluded? We don't know.
  • Power Search Options very limited.  See Advanced Search
  • CITED BY feature is useful, but messy in its inclusion.   [Compare to Web of Science Citation Index]
  • Links routinely connect to publishers-pay-to-view sites.  [Overcome this by setting your Google Scholar to connect to Antioch University full-text collections.]